What Are The Major Languages Spoken In China?

People’s Republic of China or China is noted to be a large country with Major Languages Spoken In China. It is made out of several provinces and even though Mandarin Chinese is a popular one over here, there are various other languages spoken over here. Being one of the oldest civilizations, multiple things from this place have fascinated and influenced other nations. Multiple inventions have changed the outlook of world and some are upgraded versions and used globally.

Contributions Of China:

The Chinese Consumers For Business Success are what you should be looking for. For that, check out the significant contributions. Out of so many inventions, the most important ones are fireworks and gunpowder eventually used by Chinese military during Tang Dynasty. During the Han period, handmade paper came into existence, which led to written word in China. It further brought movable printing type using wooden blocks.

It was between 9th and 11th centuries that Chinese inventions solved navigational issues by inventing compass, which improved inter-cultural contacts and sea trade. It then developed spinning wheel around 11th century for keeping up demand for the silk fabrics from West. In 14th century, Italians brought spinning wheel to Europe, which further revolutionized production of multiple textile threads.

Over 2000 years ago, Chinese kits were invented ahead of sails invention in Europe. Just like learning about About Chinese Language, there is so much to learn about culture. Kites, at first, were not flying toys but used as mess aging tools by the military. It led to invention of moving sails contributing largely to maritime might of Chinese. The moving sails then improved sailing techniques, when compared to the mounted sails as developed by Arabs and Europeans.

Another major contribution is the porcelain production, mostly referred as “china.” This production started in China around 16th century BC and decorated ones became popular during Ming dynasty, with Chinese porcelain becoming coveted items by wealthy Western families.

Different Administrative Units

Before you head towards pros to understand more about the Chinese Translation Guidelines, you might want to check out the administrative units for a change. In Asia, China happens to be the second largest country and divided into multiple administrative units. It has 23 provinces with municipalities of Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing, and even the autonomous regions of the Tibet, Xinjiang, Ningxia, Guangxi, Macau, Hong Kong and Inner Mongolia. These areas have specialized administrative units. The population is not homogenous and made up of various tribes and ethnic groups with distinct languages of their own. It comes with different traditions, customs and practices.

Languages Spoken In China

Before you go for the Localization for the Asian Market, make sure to learn about the languages spoken over here. As per the 21st edition of the Ethnologue, there are around 229 individual languages in China, which is a nation hosting 1.4 billion people, divided within 56 ethnic groups. These groups play a major role in developing various languages. Most likely other regions, these languages are mostly geographically located, with Mandarin Chinese being the most popular one.

All English alphabets except F are represented in spoken Chinese languages. It further has languages named U and E. E is mixed language as used in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, addressing the autonomous counties of Xinglong, Xiatan, Simo, Luocheng Mulam and Rongshui Hmong. Around 30K people speak this language.

Around 40K people speak U language, residing in Southwest Yunnan Province, Baoshan and counties like Shidian and Changning.

✓ Standard Chinese

Before you Interview For Chinese Translation, you better learn about Standard Chinese. Also known as Standard Modern Mandarin, it is the official language in China and Taiwan. It has the standardized version, mixing various features. The usage over here is some borrowed aspects from other dialects. The grammar was borrowed from written vernacular. The vocabulary is proper combination of the mandarin dialect with pronunciation from Beijing dialect.

The Mainland people call this language common speech or Putonghua, also known as Guoyu in Taiwan. This language is used for communication as per law. Even though Mandarin Chinese is promoted widely, around 70% of population speaks as per the Ministry of Education with only 10% being fluent speakers. Tis language is part of school curriculum in Taiwan and Mainland China. The written form uses simplified versions of Chinese characters and traditional Chinese characters.

✓ Cantonese

This language originated from Guangzhou. From here, Cantonese spread along Pearl River Delta comprising of nine main cities and known as center of foreign trade right from Silk Road. The language go its name from the area it name from and also called Canton. Depending on the Basic law the official language of Hong Kong is Cantonese. In Special Administrative Region of Macau, Portuguese and Cantonese form the official languages. To cover Japanese to Chinese Translation, you might have to get these points straight for now.

Regional Languages Or Dialects Spoken In China:

For the language learners, it is important to learn various spoken languages, as dominating various regions are divided into multiple groups. Millions of speakers get to speak this language. Wu Chinese is one dialect spoken in eastern part of country with its 6 sub divisions.


Around 80 million people speak this language, also divided under multiple varieties like:


This language is mainly spoken in Shanghai, with entire province of the Jiangsu and Zhejian provinces of the southern half. Some famous speakers of this language were Lu Xun, Cai Yuanpei and more. Even the Shaoxing and Shanghai operates use Wu Chinese for performances. Just like any other regional languages, there will be no mutual intelligibility among speakers of multiple Wu dialectical varieties.

Hokkien is noted to be a major regional language that belongs to Southern Min Group and came from Fujian province and spreading across southeastern parts of China. Around 37 M people speak this language, also used in Taiwan for transport signage for public. There are several dialects to it like:

♦ Xiamen
♦ Penang
♦ Medan
♦ Zhangzhou
♦ Taiwanese
♦ Quanzhou
♦ Singaporean

Some other notable dialects or languages:

Before you head towards express Chinese Translation, be sure to learn about the languages or dialects in details. As it has been mentioned, most languages spoken over here are defined geographically. It means speakers of various languages concentrated in various regions. Most of them are not quite intelligible.

You have Gan Chinese, which is dominant in Chinese western parts like Jiangxi. Speakers are also found in Hunan, Fujian, Anhui and Hubei. The commonality is something missing. In Anfu County, the language is divided under two dialects. The northern region speaks the Baixiang Gua while the southern one comes with Nanxiang Hua. These two are mutual unintelligible unless persons are used to other dialects.

Another dialect closest to Gan Chinese is Hakka Chinese. Speakers are located in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guizhou and Jiangxi. Some traditional speakers are from Hainan, Zhejiang, Hunan, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou and Sichuan.

People will speak in Min Chinese, residing in southern coast part of China in Fujian province. Around 70M people live in different China parts and areas like Hainan, Jiangyin, Guangdong province and other countries in southern area like Liyang and more. This language is mostly spoken in variety off Fujian. In some areas though, it is called Hokkien Taiwanese. Before you head for urgent Mandarin Translation , you might want to learn more about these options first.

Xiang Chinese is also called Hunanese and originated mostly from the Hunan province and spoken in various parts of provinces like Guizhou and Hubei, and even in the northern areas of Guangxi. Many speakers have influenced the Modernized Chinese histories such as Huang Xing, Xuo Zongtang, Mao Zedong and Ma Ying-jeou.

Challenges In Chinese Translation:

The languages that are generally spoken over here are some of the many languages that China has in store for you. Well, they will represent challenges that translators seem too face these days while handling such Chinese translation projects. They are mutually unintelligible and have differences in strokes, characters and pronunciations. You will only gain success if you ever get the chance to work with professional translators, mainly while thinking about localizing the website.

Concluding Paragraph:

In case, you are looking for some help with the translation of the Mandarin Chinese, Hmong, Cantonese or any of the other Chinese languages, do give our professional translators a call from TridIndia. Our translators are native speakers and they just live in country. So, they are able to understand the characteristics and nuances of such languages and offer the best help you could have possibly asked for. All you need to do is just log online and get the best help you could have ever asked for in this regard.

To know more about our services call us at +91-8527599523 or mail us at [email protected]

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