Common Hindi Phrases Every Beginner Should Know

Learning a new language can be an exciting and rewarding experience, and Hindi is no exception.

As one of the most widely spoken languages globally, Hindi offers a wealth of culture, history, and communication opportunities.

Whether you’re planning a trip to India, want to connect with Hindi-speaking friends or family, or simply have an interest in this beautiful language, this blog post is your guide to common Hindi phrases every beginner should know.

Now, let’s explore a selection of essential Hindi phrases for beginners:

Basic Greetings and Politeness:

1. Namaste (नमस्ते): The quintessential Hindi greeting, often accompanied by a slight bow with folded hands. It translates to “Hello” or “I bow to you.”

2. Kaise ho? (कैसे हो?): This phrase means “How are you?” It’s a common way to ask about someone’s well-being.

3. Shukriya (धन्यवाद): When someone does something nice for you, use “Shukriya” to say “Thank you.”

4. Aapka naam kya hai? (आपका नाम क्या है?): To ask someone’s name, say, “Aapka naam kya hai?” which means “What is your name?”

Basic Conversational Phrases:

1. Haan (हां) / Nahi (नहीं): “Haan” means “Yes,” and “Nahi” means “No.” These are straightforward responses to questions.

2. Main theek hoon (मैं ठीक हूँ): If you’re feeling fine, you can say, “Main theek hoon,” which means “I am fine.”

3. Mujhe nahi pata (मुझे नहीं पता): When you don’t know the answer to a question, say, “Mujhe nahi pata,” which means “I don’t know.”

Numbers and Counting:

1. Ek (एक): “Ek” means “One.” This is the starting point for counting in Hindi.

2. Do (दो): “Do” means “Two.”

3. Teen (तीन): “Teen” means “Three.”

4. Chaar (चार): “Chaar” means “Four.”

5. Panch (पाँच): “Panch” means “Five.”

6. Saat (सात): “Saat” means “Seven.”

7. Aath (आठ): “Aath” means “Eight.”

8. Nau (नौ): “Nau” means “Nine.”

9. Das (दस): “Das” means “Ten.”

Directions and Location:

1. Kahaan hai…? (कहाँ है…?): To ask for directions to a specific place, start with “Kahaan hai,” which means “Where is…”

2. Right (दायें) / Left (बायें): When navigating, knowing “right” and “left” can be helpful.

3. Aage (आगे) / Peeche (पीछे): “Aage” means “ahead,” and “Peeche” means “behind.”

4. Kitni door hai…? (कितनी दूर है…?): To inquire about the distance to a location, ask, “Kitni door hai…?” which means “How far is…”

Common Questions:

1. Kab? (कब?): “Kab” means “When.” You can use it to ask about time or schedules.

2. Kyun? (क्यूँ?): “Kyun” means “Why.” It’s a fundamental question word for seeking reasons or explanations.

3. Kahaan? (कहाँ?): “Kahaan” means “Where.” Use it to ask about locations or directions.

4. Kaise? (कैसे?): “Kaise” means “How.” You can employ it to inquire about methods or conditions.

Emergencies and Essentials:

1. Madad (मदद): In case of an emergency, “Madad” means “Help.”

2. Doctor (डॉक्टर): “Doctor” is the same in Hindi as in English, making it easy to seek medical assistance.

3. Police (पुलिस): Similarly, “Police” is a familiar term in Hindi.

4. Pani (पानी): “Pani” means “Water.” It’s a crucial word to know when you need a drink or want to ask for water.

Eating and Dining Out:

1. Khana (खाना): “Khana” means “Food.” Use it when discussing meals or dining.

2. Menu (मेन्यू): “Menu” is another term shared with English, making it easy to navigate restaurant offerings.

3. Chai (चाय) / Coffee (कॉफी): “Chai” is “Tea,” and “Coffee” is the same in Hindi as well.

4. Bill (बिल): To ask for the bill at a restaurant, you can say “Bill.”

Polite Phrases:

1. Dhanyavaad (धन्यवाद): To express gratitude more formally, use “Dhanyavaad,” which means “Thank you.”

2. Kripya (कृपया): “Kripya” is often used to make polite requests and means “Please.”

3. Mafi chahiye (माफ़ी चाहिए): If you want to apologize, say “Mafi chahiye,” which means “I’m sorry” or “Excuse me.”

Basic Courtesies:

1. Namaste (नमस्ते): Revisiting our first phrase, “Namaste” is a polite and respectful way to greet someone.

2. Aap (आप): “Aap” is a formal way to address someone respectfully, similar to using “Sir” or “Ma’am” in English.

3. Kripaya (कृपया): To be even more polite, add “Kripaya” before making a request or asking a question.

Numbers and Time:

1. Ghante (घंटे): “Ghante” means “Hours.” Use it when talking about time.

2. Minute (मिनट): “Minute” is also the same in Hindi.

3. Din (दिन): “Din” means “Day.” It’s a useful term when discussing dates or scheduling.

Weather and Seasons:

1. Mausam (मौसम): “Mausam” means “Weather.” You can use it to ask about the weather.

2. Garmi (गर्मी) / Thand (ठंड): “Garmi” means “Hot,” and “Thand” means “Cold.”

3. Varsha (वर्षा) / Barsaat (बरसात): “Varsha” means “Rain,” and “Barsaat” is another word for “Rain.”

Getting Around:

1. Auto (ऑटो): In many Indian cities, auto-rickshaws are a common mode of transportation. “Auto” is a convenient term to know when hailing one.

2. Station (स्थान): “Station” is a word used for transportation hubs like train or bus stations.

3. Bus (बस) / Train (ट्रेन): “Bus” and “Train” are the same in Hindi as well.

Common Expressions:

1. Bilkul (बिल्कुल): “Bilkul” means “Absolutely” or “Certainly,” a handy expression in various situations.

2. Achha (अच्छा): “Achha” is an expression of agreement or understanding, similar to saying “Okay.”

3. Suno (सुनो): “Suno” means “Listen” and can be used to get someone’s attention.

Exploring and Shopping:

1. Market (बाज़ार): “Market” is a common word in Hindi and is used to refer to shopping areas.

2. Shopping (खरीददारी): “Shopping” is also similar in Hindi.

3. Kitne ka hai? (कितने का है?): To ask about the price of something, say “Kitne ka hai?” which means “How much does it cost?”

4. Aur kuch? (और कुछ?): If you want to ask, “Anything else?” use “Aur kuch?”

Colors and Descriptions:

1. Rang (रंग): “Rang” means “Color,” which is helpful for describing objects or clothing.

2. Lamba (लम्बा) / Chhota (छोटा): “Lamba” means “Long,” and “Chhota” means “Short.”

3. Sundar (सुंदर): “Sundar” means “Beautiful.” It’s a lovely word to use when appreciating something.

Food and Dining:

1. Khana (खाना): “Khana” means “Food,” a term you’ll often encounter in menus or discussions about meals.

2. Roti (रोटी) / Chawal (चावल): “Roti” is “Flatbread,” and “Chawal” is “Rice.”

3. Paneer (पनीर): “Paneer” is “Cottage cheese,” commonly used in Indian vegetarian dishes.

4. Namak (नमक) / Mirch (मिर्च): “Namak” is “Salt,” and “Mirch” is “Chili.”

Time Expressions:

1. Abhi (अभी): “Abhi” means “Now” or “Right now.” It’s useful for indicating the present moment.

2. Kal (कल): “Kal” means “Tomorrow.”

3. Aaj (आज): “Aaj” means “Today.”

Emergencies and Health:

1. Dard (दर्द): “Dard” means “Pain,” a crucial term when seeking medical assistance.

2. Hospital (हस्पताल): “Hospital” is the same in Hindi.

3. Ambulance (एम्बुलेंस): “Ambulance” is also a familiar term in Hindi.

4. Police (पुलिस): “Police” is another word shared between Hindi and English.

Phrases for Making Friends:

1. Mera dost hai (मेरा दोस्त है): To introduce someone as your friend, say “Mera dost hai,” which means “He/She is my friend.”

2. Aap mere dost hain (आप मेरे दोस्त हैं): To express that someone is your friend, say “Aap mere dost hain,” which means “You are my friend.”


Learning common Hindi phrases is an excellent starting point for your language journey. These phrases not only help you navigate daily interactions but also provide insights into the culture and heritage of Hindi-speaking regions. Remember that language learning is a gradual process, so be patient with yourself and practice regularly. As you progress, you’ll be able to engage in more in-depth conversations and explore the beauty of the Hindi language further. Happy learning!

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